- Lord of justice or righteousness, was king in Jerusalem at the time when the Israelites invaded Palestine (Josh. 10:1, 3). He formed a confederacy with the other Canaanitish kings against the Israelites, but was utterly routed by Joshua when he was engaged in besieging the Gibeonites. The history of this victory and of the treatment of the five confederated kings is recorded in Josh. 10:1-27. (Comp. Deut. 21:23). Among the Tell Amarna tablets (see Egypt) are some very interesting letters from Adoni-zedec to the King of Egypt. These illustrate in a very remarkable manner the history recorded in Josh. 10, and indeed throw light on the wars of conquest generally, so that they may be read as a kind of commentary on the book of Joshua. Here the conquering career of the Abiri (i.e., Hebrews) is graphically described: "Behold, I say that the land of the king my lord is ruined", "The wars are mighty against me", "The Hebrew chiefs plunder all the king's lands", "Behold, I the chief of the Amorites am breaking to pieces." Then he implores the king of Egypt to send soldiers to help him, directing that the army should come by sea to Ascalon or Gaza, and thence march to Wru-sa-lim (Jerusalem) by the valley of Elah.
Easton's Bible Dictionary. M.G. Easton. 1897.
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Gibeon — Hill city, one of the royal cities, greater than Ai, and all the men thereof were mighty (Josh. 10:2). Its inhabitants were Hivites (11:19). It lay within the territory of Benjamin, and became a priest city (18:25; 21:17). Here the tabernacle… … Easton's Bible Dictionary
Adonizedek — (variously transliterated as Adoni zedec or Adoni Zedek (in Hebrew, Adoni Tzedek) was, according to the Book of Joshua, king of Jerusalem at the time of the Israelite invasion of Canaan (Josh. x. 1, 3). His name means my lord is righteousness in… … Wikipedia
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Egypt — The land of the Nile and the pyramids, the oldest kingdom of which we have any record, holds a place of great significance in Scripture. The Egyptians belonged to the white race, and their original home is still a matter of dispute. Many… … Easton's Bible Dictionary
Jericho — Place of fragrance, a fenced city in the midst of a vast grove of palm trees, in the plain of Jordan, over against the place where that river was crossed by the Israelites (Josh. 3:16). Its site was near the Ain es Sultan, Elisha s Fountain (2 … Easton's Bible Dictionary
Joshua, The Book of — Contains a history of the Israelites from the death of Moses to that of Joshua. It consists of three parts: 1) The history of the conquest of the land (1 12). 2) The allotment of the land to the different tribes, with the appointment of… … Easton's Bible Dictionary
Makkedah — Herdsman s place, one of the royal cities of the Canaanites (Josh. 12:16), near which was a cave where the five kings who had confederated against Israel sought refuge (10:10 29). They were put to death by Joshua, who afterwards suspended… … Easton's Bible Dictionary